11664858.com双语阅读:你知道外国人是怎么过平安

2019-08-24 04:55 来源:未知

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What Do People Do?

虽然上海的平安夜已极度商业化(commercilized),但除了苹果和火鸡大餐,难道就没有其他可聊的了么?不不不,我们还想知道原汁原味的西方人是如何过圣诞的。

一、人们都干些啥?

Christmas Day, which is on December 25, is the birthday of Jesus Christ(耶稣诞辰).

Many people around the world celebrate Christmas Eve in different ways。 It is observed in many countries such as Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States。 Workers in some countries get a day off or half-day off to prepare for Christmas Day, including last-minute shopping for presents, decorations or food。 In some countries Christmas Eve is celebrated with large family meals featuring traditional Christmas dishes。 In some cultures, presents are exchanged and opened on the night of Christmas Eve。 Many homes have their Christmas trees lit up, mistletoes hung, and other Christmas decorations, such as holly and ivy, at this time of the year。

Like the Spring Festival, it is a time for us to get away from our busy lives (go on vacation), a time for family reunion, and a time to have some fun (throw a Christmas party).

全世界许多人都以不同的方式来庆祝平安夜。澳大利亚、加拿大、英国和美国等许多国家都会过平安夜。有些国家的工人们会在这一天得到一天或者半天的假期,来为圣诞节那一天做准备,包括最后购买礼物、装饰物和食物。在某些国家,人们用全家吃一顿传统的圣诞大餐来庆祝平安夜。在一些文化中,人们也会在平安夜交换、拆开礼物。每年这个时候,许多家庭都点亮了他们的圣诞树、挂上了槲寄生和其他诸如冬青和常春藤等圣诞装饰物。

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Some people organize groups of singers who go Christmas caroling from door to door, or sing Christmas carols in public venues。 It is also a time for children in many countries around the world to hang their Christmas stockings (or pillow cases), hoping for a present to arrive from Santa Claus on Christmas Day, which is December 25 in the Gregorian calendar。 Children in France set out their shoes near a fireplace on Christmas Eve because they believe that Father Christmas (Santa Claus), also known as le Père No?l (in French), will arrive before dawn and fill them with toys, nuts and sweets。

Preparations start in advance, with the sending of Christmas cards(圣诞贺卡)

一些人还会组织一群歌手挨家挨户、或者在公共场所唱圣诞颂歌。这个时候全世界许多国家的孩子们还会挂起自己的圣诞袜子(或者枕头套子),希望在圣诞节(公历12月25日)那天收到一份来自圣诞老人的礼物。法国的孩子们在平安夜那天把他们的鞋子放在壁炉旁边,因为他们相信圣诞老人(法语为 le Père No?l)会在天亮前到来,在他们的鞋子里装满玩具、坚果和糖果。

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Many churches hold special services during Christmas Eve, including midnight services。 These services include special choirs and sermons to celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ。 Many churches also display a crèche or miniature Nativity scene。 Christmas celebrations in different countries combine the country’s cultural traditions, beliefs and superstitions with more contemporary customs, such as Santa Claus and Christmas trees。

People set up Christmas tree and put ornaments and Chirstmas lights on it(装扮圣诞树). They usually decorate their houses with evergreens indoors, such as a wreath of holly on the front door.

许多教堂也会在平安夜那天举行特别活动,包括午夜活动。这些活动包括特别的唱诗班和布道活动,以此来庆祝耶稣基督的诞辰。许多教堂还会上演一幕小耶稣诞生的教堂表演( 被称之为crèche)。不同国家的圣诞庆祝活动都将那个国家的文化传统、宗教信仰和迷信与更多现代习俗结合了起来,例如圣诞老人和圣诞树等。

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Public Life

Bunches of mistletoe(槲寄生青藤环) are often hung above doorways

二、公共生活。

- any couple passing underneath must exchange kisses!

Christmas Eve is a public holiday in countries such as the Czech Republic and Estonia。 Some banks and businesses are closed in some countries, including Austria and Germany, on Christmas Eve。 Many people in countries such as Brazil have the afternoon off work on Christmas Eve。

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在捷克共和国和爱沙尼亚等国家,平安夜是一个公共节日。在平安夜这天,包括德国和奥地利等国家的一些银行和企业会闭门歇业。在平安夜这天,巴西等国家的许多人们下午会放假。

They also place lights and other decorations on the outside of the house and the outdoor shrubs and trees. By then, the whole house is full of Chirstmas spirit(圣诞氛围).

Some stores are often open late to accommodate for last-minute Christmas shopping in some cities around the world。 Schools and educational institutions are usually closed on Christmas Eve as it falls as part of either the winter (northern hemisphere) or summer (southern hemisphere) vacation period。 Airports, bus stations and train stations may be busy as many people travel to visit their families around this time of the year。

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